|Human and economic development, Sustainable resources and the Environment, Infectious diseases, Conflicts and Natural disasters.
United Nations Development Programme - UNDP
UNDP is the UN's global development network, an organization advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. UNDP is on the ground in 166 countries, working with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges in five key areas.
Established in 1971, the UNDP Country Office in Bucharest was the first UNDP field office to function in a former Warsaw Pact member state. It wasn't until two decades later that other offices opened in the neighboring countries of the former Socialist bloc.
- Democratic Governance
- Poverty Reduction
- Crisis Prevention and Recovery
- Environment and Energy
Based on more than three decades of experience in Romania, UNDP is currently implementing the 2005-2009 Country Programme (CP). Linked to Romania’s MDGs, the CP responds to the key challenges of reform and EU integration.
UNDP Romania’s approach is to help the country build and share solutions in the following three areas:
For extensive information on UNDP Romania please visit the web page of UNDP Country Office.
Child survival and development, Basic education and gender equality, HIV/AIDS and children, Child protection, Policy advocacy and partnership.
United Nations Children's Fund - UNICEF
UNICEF's Representative Office for Romania and Moldova was established in Bucharest in 1991.
- Democratic governance, by strengthening the public sector capacity and management, and promoting political participation and accountability
- Sustainable and balanced economic growth, by decreasing poverty, creating jobs and reducing the disparities between the various regions of Romania, in conjunction with an overall increase in the standard of living
- Responsible management of environmental resources, by taking into account the impact of economic development on the ecosystem
UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential.
For extensive information on UNICEF Romania please visit the web page of UNICEF Country Office.
Women’s health, equal opportunities, population and development.
United Nation Population Fund - UNFPA
UNFPA Office in Romania co-ordinates UNFPA’s activity in seven countries in the region, in addition to Romania: Belarus, Bulgaria, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro.
The UNFPA Country Programme has two components:
For extensive information on UNFPA Romania please visit the web page of UNFPA Country Office.
Education, Social and Natural Science, Culture and Communication.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization - UNESCO
Romania joined UNESCO on July 27, 1956 and hosts the UNESCO European Centre for Higher Education (CEPES) since 1972. In response to the need for supporting reform in processes of higher education, UNESCO-CEPES contributes to policy setting in higher education: legislative reforms, academic quality assurance and accreditation, recognition of academic qualifications, university autonomy and academic freedom as well as the ethical dimension of higher education, the status of teachers and their training, university-industry relations in the context of knowledge societies, and transnational education.
- population and development, including gender equality
- sexual and reproductive health
Since September 2003, UNESCO-CEPES has been a consultative member of a Follow-up Group of the Bologna Process (BFUG), which is tasked with the implementation of the Bologna Process goals.
For extensive information on UNESCO Romania please visit the web page of UNESCO Country Office.
The rights and well-being of refugees and former refugees internally displaced people and people who are stateless or whose nationality is disputed.
United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees - UNHCR
UNHCR Liaison Office in Bucharest was officially established In January 1992. UNHCR-funded programmes in Romania focus on:
a) direct assistance to refugees and asylum (i.e. legal assistance, cultural orientation, education, employment, and refugee empowerment), including assistance to address the special needs of refugee women and children
b) capacity-building activities, particularly advice and guidance on asylum policy and practice, training of asylum magistrates and lawyers, access of decision-makers to country of origin information services, coordination meetings, training of government and NGOs practitioners.
c) advocacy, awareness and public information activities
For extensive information on UNHCR Romania please visit the web page of UNHCR
Universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS - UNAIDS
The 2001 UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS, and the 2006 UN Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS provide for the overall policy direction, mandate, and mission of UNAIDS. Through these declarations, UN Member States have made the commitment to set, and achieve, targets on universal access. The role of the UNAIDS Secretariat, Cosponsors and partners is to enable and support effective national and international AIDS responses.
In making universal access by 2010 the corporate priority, UNAIDS adopted the following modus operandi:
- focus its work on driving action towards results and accountability for results across partners and stakeholders, at national, regional and global levels
- assist countries to identify policy, resource-related, and programmatic gaps in their move towards universal access
- concentrate its energies where progress is lagging, through advocacy, brokering and convening to address financial social, political, legal and structural barriers that now limit effectiveness of the response, and monitor progress
- work to bring the AIDS response out of isolation without losing specificity, linking and achieving positive synergies with action for results vis-à-vis the Millennium Development Goals, Primary Health Care values and sustainable health systems
To inspire joint action and optimal contributions from all partners in responding to this policy direction, UNAIDS will be guided by its ABCs: Advocacy, Brokering, Convening and Catalyzing, with four key principles serving to focus the work:
- demonstrate UN reform in practice, making it relevant and responsive to an effective national AIDS response, social movements and the aspirations and energies of young people
- put science and data to work, and assist countries to translate strategic data into evidence informed policies and action, and
- make alignment and alliance with people and communities living with or vulnerable to HIV integral to its values and identity.
In Romania, UNAIDS office priorities for 2009 are:
- Stand by people living with and communities affected by AIDS
- Mobilize greater resources and take all possible steps to increase their impact
- Renew accountability and focus on country results
- Put science, technology and data to work
For more information about UNAIDS activity at regional and country level please visit www.unaids.org
- maintain HIV/AIDS on the political agenda and maintain the existing partnership and growing national ownership by facilitating the adoption of the new HIV/AIDS Strategy and reestablishment of the National HIV/AIDS Commission in the context of new government invested in December 2008
- support and facilitate the implementation of the Global Fund grants through assistance to CCM functions, support phase 2 application, and integrating GFATM initiated projects into the regular national programmes funded from public resources
- support the production of strategic information in priority areas of the national response
- providing direct technical and financial assistance to NGOs working with vulnerable groups to develop their capacity for carrying out effective HIV prevention interventions
- advocate for the inclusion in the public budgets at local and national level of the funding for HIV prevention among vulnerable groups
- ensure support and capacity building to Romanian AIDS Centre
Global health matters, articulating evidence-based policy options, setting norms and standards, providing technical support to countries, monitoring and assessing health trends
World Health Organization - WHO
WHO Europe supports countries in:
Technical collaboration with European countries is captured in the Biennial Collaborative Agreements (BCA). The Biennial Collaborative Agreement for Romania focuses on 4 areas of cooperation:
- developing their own health policies, health systems and public health programmes
- preventing and overcoming threats to health
- anticipating future challenges
- advocating public health
1) Health policy development
2) Health care reform (Health care system in transition, Health systems organization and management, Pharmaceuticals, Quality of health systems)
3) Health of women and children: Child and adolescent health and development, Reproductive health/pregnancy
4) Communicable diseases (Communicable disease surveillance and response, Measles elimination, Poliomyelitis eradication, sexually transmitted infections/HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis control)
The implementation of the BCA is carried out through the WHO Liaison Office in Bucharest, set up in 1990 as an operational branch of the Division of Country Support, WHO Regional Office for Europe.
For extensive information on WHO Europe please visit the web page of WHO Regional Office.
Financial and technical assistance to developing countries.
The Romania World Bank portfolio is one of the largest in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region. It consists of 20 active projects with total commitments of US$ 1.77 billion, including two GEF grants for the Risk Reduction of Mining Accidents Tisza Basin (Hazards Mitigation Project) and the Integrated Nutrient Pollution Control.
The 2006-2009 Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) for Romania supports the priorities of the Government and the convergence with the EU. The focus of the CPS is on: (i) the implementation of structural and institutional reforms to enhance economic growth and improve competitiveness; (ii) addressing fiscal imbalances and improving the efficiency, transparency, and accountability of public resources; (iii) modernizing the public sector, improving the quality of governance, the performance of institutions, and fighting corruption; (iv) promoting social inclusion, employment, and poverty reduction to achieve convergence with the EU in income levels and living standards.
The programme focuses on facilitating the integration with the EU and on building Romania’s capacity to absorb EU structural and cohesion funds by way of a mix of Bank instruments: investment lending, risk guarantee facilities, technical assistance, and non-lending analytical and advisory activities is employed.
For extensive information on The World Bank in Romania please visit the web page of The World Bank Country Office.
Economic surveillance, Lending, Technical assistance.
International Monetary Fund - IMF
The IMF Regional Office for Romania and Bulgaria was established in September 2006, succeeding the Resident Representative Office for Romania. Its primary objective is to enhance the Fund's ability to carry out surveillance in Romania and Bulgaria, which is the core Fund activity in these countries after they joined the EU in January 2007.
To this end, the office:
For extensive information on IMF Romania please visit the web page of IMF Country Office
- Works closely with teams at IMF headquarters to make them more effective in their surveillance activities, including through the active contribution to the development of the policy advice of the respective teams
- Monitors and analyzes economic developments and informs the IMF teams at headquarters
- Channels the analysis prepared at headquarters to the governments in Bucharest and Sofia, and maintains contacts with the main policy-makers to relay the views of the authorities on policy matters to IMF headquarters
- Promotes the views of the IMF and pursues the goals of the institution in the region, including through outreach activities with the media, think-tanks, universities, trade unions, professional associations and other relevant interlocutors
- Brings a regional focus to the Fund's advice, by making policy makers aware of common policy issues of interest to the Fund, paying particular attention to financial sector surveillance
- Provides targeted training to local officials